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Atlantic City, NJ Water Quality Report

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Sources Of Drinking Water in Atlantic City, New Jersey

Where does Atlantic City get its water from? Atlantic City's water supply system consists of surface and ground water resources, water filtration facilities that treat raw water from both sources, transmission facilities from the treatment plant to Atlantic City, distribution facilities throughout the city, reservoirs at the surface sources, one standpipe, two elevated storage tanks, and one Aquifer Storage Recharge well in the city. In 2016, the system processed 3,696.882 million gallons (mg) of water for the year, with a maximum daily demand of 16.388 million gallons per day (mg/d) in the month of August and an average daily demand of approximately 10.112 mg/d. 

The Atlantic City's water source comes from two surface water reservoirs (Kuehnle Pond Dam and Doughty Pond Dam) and 13 wells. Eleven of these wells are located in the Cohansey Aquifer and two are located in the Kirkwood Aquifer. Well water collected from the well fields is transported to the Atlantic City's Water Treatment Plant Facility. The treatment process includes pretreatment with sodium hypochlorite solution for disinfection, sodium permanganate and poly aluminum chloride addition for turbidity removal, aeration, mixing, settling, and filtration with mixed media (including sand, gravel, and granular-activated carbon). Post treatment includes disinfection, pH adjustment with lime, fluoride addition (Yikes!!), and corrosion inhibitor chemical addition. After the water is treated at the plant, it is transported to Atlantic City via two large transmission mains to be used by all our customers. Does Atlantic City add fluoride to its water? Is Atlantic City's water safe to drink?

Source: Atlantic City

Contaminants Found in Atlantic City's Water Supply

(Detected above health guidelines)

Arsenic

The health guideline of 0.0007 ppb for 1,2,3-trichloropropane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Bromodichloromethane

Bromodichloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromodichloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

Chloroform

Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

Chromium (hexavalent)

Chromium (hexavalent) is a carcinogen that commonly contaminates American drinking water. Chromium (hexavalent) in drinking water may be due to industrial pollution or natural occurrences in mineral deposits and groundwater.

Dibromochloromethane

Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water.

Perfluorinated Chemicals

Perfluorinated chemicals are a group of synthetic compounds used in hundreds of products from nonstick pans to stain-repellent clothing, wire coatings and firefighting foam. This utility detected Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS), Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) & Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA).

Radiological contaminants 

Radiological contaminants leach into water from certain minerals and from mining. This utility detected Radium, combined (-226 & -228).

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

Fluoride

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. The fluoride that is added to water is not the naturally occurring kind, the main chemicals used to fluoridate drinking water are known as “silicofluorides” (i.e., hydrofluorosilicic acid and sodium fluorosilicate). Silicofluorides are not pharmaceutical-grade fluoride products; they are unprocessed industrial by-products of the phosphate fertilizer industry (Gross!). Since these silicofluorides undergo no purification procedures, they can contain elevated levels of arsenic — moreso than any other water treatment chemical. In addition, recent research suggests that the addition of silicofluorides to water is a risk factor for elevated lead exposure, particularly among residents who live in homes with old pipes.

Potential Health Effects of Consuming These Contaminants

Health risks of arsenic in excess of health guideline 

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.004 ppb for arsenic was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Health risks of bromodichloromethane in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for bromodichloromethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Health risks of chloroform in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 1 ppb for chloroform was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Health risks of chromium (hexavalent) in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.02 ppb for chromium (hexavalent) was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Health risks of Perfluorinated Chemicals in excess of health guideline

Endocrine Disruption | Cancer:  These chemicals have been linked to endocrine disruption, accelerated puberty, liver and immune system damage, thyroid changes, and cancer risk. Sometimes referred to as PFC, PFOA, PFOS, or PFCs.

Health risks of trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Health risks of radiological contaminants in excess of health guidelines

Birth defects: Drinking water contamination with radioactive substances increases the risk of cancer and may harm fetal development.

Health risks of dibromochloromethane  in excess of health guidelines

Cancer & Birth Defects: Dibromochloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

Contaminant Levels in Atlantic City Compared to Other Regions

Arsenic

 - Health Guideline: 0.004 ppb

 - State: 0.308 ppb

 - Atlantic City, NJ: 0.245 ppb

 - National: 1.30 ppb

Bromodichloromethane

- Health Guideline: 0.06 ppb

 - State: 2.11 ppb

 - Atlantic City, NJ: 8.91 ppb

 - National: 4.38 ppb

Chloroform

 - Health Guideline: 1.0 ppb

 - State: 5.04 ppb

 - National: 11.4 ppb

 - Atlantic City, NJ: 18.1 ppb

Chromium (hexavalent)

 - Health Guideline: 0.02 ppb

 - Atlantic City, NJ: 0.0376 ppb

 - State: 0.153 ppb

 - National: 0.782 ppb

Dibromochloromethane  

 - Health Guideline: 0.1 ppb

 - State: 1.47 ppb

 - National: 3.01 ppb

 - Atlantic City, NJ: 5.09 ppb

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

 - Health Guideline: 0.8 ppb

 - State: 13.2 ppb

 - National: 23.7 ppb

 - Atlantic City, NJ: 35.9 ppb

Radiological contaminants  

No information available about this contaminant but it cannot be good. This utility detected Radium, combined (-226 & -228). Radiological contaminants leach into water from certain minerals and from mining. Drinking water contamination with radioactive substances increases the risk of cancer and may harm fetal development.

Perfluorinated Chemicals (Status): 

No national drinking water standard exists. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a member of a group of perfluorinated chemicals used in many consumer products. PFOS and other perfluorinated chemicals can cause serious health effects, including cancer, endocrine disruption, accelerated puberty, liver and immune system damage, and thyroid changes. These chemicals are persistent in the environment and they accumulate in people.

Fluoride

 - Legal Limit: 4 ppb

 - State: 0.106 ppb

 - National: 0.440 ppb

 - Atlantic City, NJ: 1.06 ppb

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Jason Nash

A hiker, blogger, and water quality expert...

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