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Hampton, Virginia Water Quality Report

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Sources Of Drinking Water in Hampton, Virginia

Where does Hampton's water come from? Most of your drinking water comes from the Chickahominy River. This is a fresh water river near Williamsburg. We don't have to take salt out of water from the Chickahominy River. Newport News Waterworks pumps water out of the Chickahominy River. We send it through pipes to our reservoirs. Reservoirs are used to hold water until it is needed. Some small streams and springs also flow into our reservoirs and help keep them full. We have five reservoirs. Our five reservoirs are: 

Lee Hall Reservoir - located in Newport News 

Harwood's Mill Reservoir - located in Newport News and York County 

Diascund Reservoir - located in New Kent and James City Counties 

Little Creek Reservoir - located in James City County 

Skiffe’s Creek Reservoir - located in Newport News and James City County

Your drinking water also comes from rain and groundwater. Rainfall helps to keep our reservoirs full! We also pump some water from under the ground. The water from under the ground has some salt in it. We use a special process to take the salt out. We can do this because groundwater doesn't have as much salt as the ocean or the bay.  Is Hampton's water safe to drink?

Source: City of Hampton, VA

Contaminants Found in Hampton's Water Supply

(Detected above health guidelines)

Bromodichloromethane

Bromodichloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromodichloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

Chloroform

Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

Chromium (Hexavalent)

Chromium (hexavalent) is a carcinogen that commonly contaminates American drinking water. Chromium (hexavalent) in drinking water may be due to industrial pollution or natural occurrences in mineral deposits and groundwater.

Dibromochloromethane

Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water.

Dichloroacetic acid

Dichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

Trichloroacetic Acid

Trichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. 

Fluoride

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. The fluoride that is added to water is not the naturally occurring kind, the main chemicals used to fluoridate drinking water are known as “silicofluorides” (i.e., hydrofluorosilicic acid and sodium fluorosilicate). Silicofluorides are not pharmaceutical-grade fluoride products; they are unprocessed industrial by-products of the phosphate fertilizer industry (Gross!). Since these silicofluorides undergo no purification procedures, they can contain elevated levels of arsenic — moreso than any other water treatment chemical. In addition, recent research suggests that the addition of silicofluorides to water is a risk factor for elevated lead exposure, particularly among residents who live in homes with old pipes.

Potential Health Effects of Consuming These Contaminants

Health risks of Bromodichloromethane in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for bromodichloromethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Health risks of Chloroform in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 1 ppb for chloroform was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Health risks of Dibromochloromethane in excess of health guideline 

Cancer & Pregnancy: Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Dibromochloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy


Health risks of Chromium (Hexavalent) in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.02 ppb for chromium (hexavalent) was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Health risks of Dichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for dichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Health risks of Trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Health risks of Trichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.5 ppb for trichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Contaminant Levels in Hampton, Virginia Compared to Other Regions

Bromodichloromethane

- Health Guideline: 0.06 ppb

 - State: 3.79 ppb

 - Hampton, VA: 4.75 ppb

 - National: 4.38 ppb

Chloroform

 - Health Guideline: 1.0 ppb

 - State: 16.8 ppb

 - National: 11.4 ppb

 - Hampton, VA: 12.4 ppb

Chromium (hexavalent)

 - Health Guideline: 0.02 ppb

 - Hampton, VA: 0.0948 ppb

 - State: 0.120 ppb

 - National: 0.782 ppb

Dibromochloromethane 

  - Legal Limit: 4 ppb

 - State: 1.28 ppb

 - National: 0.440 ppb 

 - Hampton, VA: 1.79 ppb

Dichloroacetic acid

 - Health Guideline: 0.7 ppb

 - State: 8.08 ppb

 - National: 6.00 ppb

 - Hampton, VA: 9.42 ppb

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

 - Health Guideline: 0.8 ppb

 - State: 27.9 ppb

 - National: 23.4 ppb

 - Hampton, VA: 19.0 ppb

Trichloroacetic acid

 - Health Guideline: 0.5 ppb

 - State: 8.69 ppb

 - National: 4.93 ppb

 - Hampton, VA: 2.33 ppb

Fluoride

 - Legal Limit: 4 ppb

 - State: 0.692 ppb

 - National: 0.440 ppb 

 - Hampton, VA: 0.923 ppb

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April Jones

A Colorado based hiker, blogger, and water quality expert...

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