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Kissimmee Water Quality Report

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Sources of Kissimmee, Florida Drinking Water

Where does Kissimmee, Florida get its drinking water from? Deep beneath Orange County (where Kissimmee is located) lies a freshwater reservoir known as the Floridan Aquifer. It is primarily fed through rainwater filtered through hundreds of feet of sand and rock in a natural filtering process. Because of its perceived high quality by local government officials, the groundwater use needs little or no treatment other than disinfection & aeration. Is Kissimmee's tap water safe to drink?  

A list of contaminants in Kissimmee's Water Supply 

(Detected above health guidelines)

Chlorate

Chlorate forms in drinking water as a byproduct of disinfection. Chlorate impairs thyroid function, making chlorate exposure most harmful during pregnancy and childhood.

Radiological contaminants cancer

This utility detected Radium, combined (-226 & -228), Radium-226 & Uranium. Radiological contaminants leach into water from certain minerals and from mining. Drinking water contamination with radioactive substances increases the risk of cancer and may harm fetal development.

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) cancer

Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

Potential health effects of consuming these contaminants

Health risks of chlorate in excess of health guideline

Thyroid: The health guideline of 210 ppb for chlorate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against hormone disruption.

 
Health risks of Radiological contaminants

Radium is a radioactive element that causes bone cancer and other cancers. It can occur naturally in groundwater, and oil and gas extraction activities such as hydraulic fracturing can elevate concentrations.

Uranium is a known human carcinogen. The federal legal limit for uranium is set at 30 micrograms per liter (corresponding to parts per billion), but utilities can also report uranium in picocuries per liter (pCi/L), which is a measure of radioactivity in water. EWG translated all uranium results to pCi/L using a conversion factor developed by the EPA. With this conversion approach, the limit of 30 ppb corresponds to 20 pCi/L. Drinking water with this much uranium would cause more than 4.6 cancer cases in a population of 100,000. California set a public health goal for uranium of 0.43 pCi/L.

Health risks of trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline
Cancer: The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Contaminant Levels in Kissimmee's Water Supply

Chlorate:

Health Guideline: 210.0 ppb

  • Kissimme: 269.7 ppb
  • State: 293.8 ppb
  • National: 114.0 ppb 

Radiological contaminants 

Health Guideline: N/A

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs):

Health Guidelines: 0.8 ppb

  • State: 23.2 ppb
  • National: 23.4 ppb
  • Kissimmee: 51.2 ppb
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April Jones
Hiker, blogger, water quality expert
      

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