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Muncie, Indiana Water Quality Report

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Sources Of Drinking Water in Muncie, Indiana

Where does Muncie get its water from?  The City of Muncie utilizes both surface and ground water for their water supply. Indiana American Water operates three bedrock wells that supplement their water supply and are located along the banks of the White River. Since they tap into a deeper bedrock aquifer, one of their main concerns is the proper sealing of abandoned wells that might also tap into it. Their local planning team meets regularly to discuss emergency response activities, management of household hazardous waste, local cleanup activities, and educational opportunities. 

Many of these items play a role in protecting both their surface and ground water resources. Tapping local resources holds much promise for future activities that will be both effective and innovative. Changes in practices such as applying road salt alternatives are being investigated. Does Muncie add fluoride to their water? Yes, fluoride (A known neurotoxin) is also added to the water to prevent tooth decay. Is Muncie's water safe to drink?

Source: City of Muncie, IN

Contaminants Found in Muncie's Water Supply

(Detected above health guidelines)

Atrazine

Atrazine is a herbicide commonly detected in drinking water that comes from cornfield and other agricultural runoff. It is a hormone disrupter that harms the male and female reproductive systems of people and wildlife.

Chromium (hexavalent)

Chromium (hexavalent) is a carcinogen that commonly contaminates American drinking water. Chromium (hexavalent) in drinking water may be due to industrial pollution or natural occurrences in mineral deposits and groundwater.

Nitrate

Nitrate, a fertilizer chemical, frequently contaminates drinking water due to agricultural and urban runoff, and discharges from municipal wastewater treatment plants and septic tanks. 

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

Fluoride

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. The fluoride that is added to water is not the naturally occurring kind, the main chemicals used to fluoridate drinking water are known as “silicofluorides” (i.e., hydrofluorosilicic acid and sodium fluorosilicate). Silicofluorides are not pharmaceutical-grade fluoride products; they are unprocessed industrial by-products of the phosphate fertilizer industry (Gross!). Since these silicofluorides undergo no purification procedures, they can contain elevated levels of arsenic — moreso than any other water treatment chemical. In addition, recent research suggests that the addition of silicofluorides to water is a risk factor for elevated lead exposure, particularly among residents who live in homes with old pipes.

Potential Health Effects of Consuming These Contaminants

Health risks of atrazine above health recommendations 

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.1 ppb for atrazine was defined by EWG based on epidemiological studies of human exposure to atrazine in drinking water.. This health guideline protects against harm to the developing fetus, harm to the reproductive system and hormone disruption.

Health risks of chromium (hexavalent) above health recommendations 

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.02 ppb for chromium (hexavalent) was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Health risks of Nitrate above health recommendations

Cancer:  The health guideline of 0.14 ppm for nitrate was defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG and corresponds to one-in-one-million annual cancer risk level.  Excessive nitrate in water can cause oxygen deprivation in infants and increase the risk of cancer.

Health risks of trihalomethanes above health recommendations 

Cancer: The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Contaminant Levels in Muncie, IN Compared to Other Regions

Atrazine

 - Health Guideline: 0.1 ppb

 - Muncie, IN: 0.200 ppb

 - National: 0.0135 ppb

Chromium (hexavalent)

 - Health Guideline: 0.02 ppb

 - Muncie, IN: 0.174 ppb

 - National: 0.782 ppb

Nitrate

 - Health Guideline: 0.14 ppb

 - National: 1.01 ppb

 - Muncie, IN: 2.01 ppb

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

 - Health Guideline: 0.8 ppb

 - National: 23.4 ppb

 - Muncie, IN: 64.6 ppb

Fluoride

 - Legal Limit: 4 ppb

 - National: 0.440 ppb

 - Muncie, IN: 0.710 ppb

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April Jones

A Colorado based hiker, blogger, and water quality expert...

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